Terrariums or gardens in a bowl are small ecosystems in which a perfect microclimate is created for plants to develop and grow with minimal care. The origin of these compositions goes back several centuries and it is a practice that has been carried out in different cultures and periods throughout history so it is difficult to specify a specific date of creation.
We can highlight the 19th century. During this period, terrariums began to be appreciated as decorative elements in homes, and the English botanist Nathaniel Bagshaw Ward played a fundamental role in their popularization. In 1829, Ward invented the "Wardian Case," a hermetically sealed container that created a favorable microclimate for plant growth by retaining moisture and allowing in the sunlight necessary for photosynthesis. Its operation was the same as that of a terrarium or garden in a bowl. The Wardian Case was an important innovation in its time, as it allowed for the successful transport of exotic plants from distant regions without them wilting or deteriorating during the journey. This invention also allowed the introduction of new plant species to different parts of the world.
Throughout the 20th century, new materials began to be used for terrariums and design techniques were developed to make them more attractive and decorative. Over time, terrariums have become a way to create small natural worlds indoors. Today, they are prized for their beauty and aesthetic appeal, and they look beautiful in any corner!